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MGT604 - Management of Financial Institutions - Lecture Handout 17

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ROLE OF COMMERCIAL BANKS

Public perceptions of banks

In United States history, the National Bank was a major political issue during the presidency of Andrew Jackson. Jackson fought against the bank as a symbol of greed and profit-mongering, antithetical to the democratic ideals of the United States.

Currently, many people consider that various banking policies take advantage of customers. In Canada, for example, the New Democratic Party has called for the abolition of user fees for automated teller transactions. Other specific concerns are policies that permit banks to hold deposited funds for several days, to apply withdrawals before deposits or from greatest to least, which is most likely to cause the greatest overdraft, that allow backdating funds transfers and fee assessments, and that authorize electronic funds transfers despite an overdraft.

In response to the perceived greed and socially-irresponsible all-for-the-profit attitude of banks, in the last few decades a new type of bank called ethical banks have emerged, which only make socially-responsible investments (for instance, no investment in the arms industry) and are transparent in all its operations.

In the US, credit unions have also gained popularity as an alternative financial resource for many consumers. Also, in various European countries, cooperative banks are regularly gaining market share in retail banking.

Profitability

Large banks in the United States are some of the most profitable corporations, especially relative to the small market shares they have. This amount is even higher if one counts the credit divisions of companies like Ford, which are responsible for a large proportion of those companies' profits.

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MGT613 - Production / Operations Management - Lecture Handout 35

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MATERIAL REQUIREMENTS PLANNING / ENTERPRISE RESOURCE PLANNING- I

Learning Objectives

  • Discuss benefits and requirements of MRP.
  • Explain how an MRP system is useful in Capacity Requirements
  • Benefits and shortcomings of MRP
  • MRP II and MRP.

MRP: A Recap

  1. Material Requirements Planning (MRP) is software focusing on production planning and inventory control system used to manage manufacturing processes.
  2. An MRP system is intended to simultaneously meet three objectives:
    1. Ensure materials and products are available for production and delivery to customers.
    2. Maintain the lowest possible level of inventory.
    3. Plan manufacturing activities, delivery schedules and purchasing activities.

    4. Read more: MGT613 - Production / Operations Management - Lecture Handout 35