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MGT601 - SME Management - Lecture Handout 36

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ROLE OF TECHNOLOGY – I

Measures to Implement

Measures to implement the Programme of Action include the organization of international meetings in the field of appropriate industrial technology, the establishment of a consultative group on appropriate industrial technology and the monitoring and analysis and follow up for appropriate choice of technology presupposes the existence of alternative technologies for production and knowledge and information about them. One of the first tasks is to enlarge the flow of available information. With this in view the evaluation and comparison of alternative industrial technologies will be merged for selection. This information made available should be fed into the Industrial And Technological Information Bank.

Available Information

Available information on technologies could also be enlarged through the systematic identification of technologies including the traditional ones available in developing countries themselves. With this input projects can be initiated through national research institutes, systematic survey of indigenous technologies in selected branches. The surveys are expected to bring out material on the basis of which some of the existing technologies could be upgraded and some others could be transferred for adoption by other countries. It will also provide it methodology for systematic action by the research institutes in the elaboration of their research programs.

Methods of Integrating Science & Technology in Economic & Social Development

The rapid and fruitful application of industrial technology to industrial development could be achieved only if the attempts to promote appropriate industrial technology are part of the main stream of industrial development and not apart from it. To reach this goal by stimulating policy and decision makers, enterprises and research institutes for promoting the application of appropriate industrial technology; stimulating suppliers of technology and equipment in industrialized countries to undertake the necessary adaptation and redesign to suit the needs of developing countries; stimulating government and donor agencies in industrialized countries and in developing countries with sufficient financial resources at their disposal to allocate more funds to co-operative programs on appropriate technology; mobilizing existing research capacity in research organizations, universities, private enterprises and particularly small companies and individual investors so as to promote the adaptation of available technologies and the development of new technologies where necessary.

The appropriate technology path has to be derived from the industrial development strategy and consequently from the over-all development strategy itself. It is only by this integration nor only conceptually but in practical action that the application of industrial technology can have the most fruitful results through national institution for projects services can provide a set of specialized services to all industries in the areas such as testing, meteorology, product development and general advisory and information services.

Measure to Undertake for Promoting Framework.

  1. Evaluation & Comparison of Alternative Industrial Technologies
  2. Promotion of Technological Research
  3. Collection & Dissemination of Practical Experience
  4. Application of Technology to Rural Development
  5. Technology for Alternative Sources of Energy
  6. National & International Policies Related to Appropriate Industrial Technology
  7. Institutional Infrastructure for Appropriate Technology

The important point, apart from implementing specific programs, is the consolidation of efforts in this field and the mobilization of interest on a world-wide scale. This step will bring about a fuller use of existing resources and also place the concept of appropriate industrial technology in the main stream of existing activities and not apart from it. this goal can be achieved by stimulating policy and decision-makers, enterprises and research institutes to promote the application of appropriate industrial technology; stimulating suppliers of technology and equipment in industrialized countries to undertake the necessary adaptation and redesign to suit the needs of developing countries; stimulating governments and donor agencies in industrialized countries and in developing countries with sufficient financial resources at their disposal to allocate more funds to co-operative programs on appropriate technology; mobilizing existing research capacity in research organizations, universities, private enterprises and particularly small companies and individual investors so as to promote the adaptation of available technologies and the development of new technologies where necessary.

Industrial & Technological Information Bank

Since in its design and operation the industrial and technological information bank will rely heavily on its effective links with the suppliers and users of technological information, its operation could well mark the beginning of a new phase of international co-operation in the exchange of technological information. This will be particularly so, since the INTIB is not expected to physically store all available technological information.

One component of the INTIB which involves international co-operation in a significant manner is the system of exchange of information among the national registries of transfer of technology on the terms and conditions of technology contract. This will provide, through international co-operation, access to information not hitherto available, but of great value to developing countries in the acquisition technology.

Role of ICT

ICT means information and communication technology. ICT plays a vital role in small and medium enterprises.

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