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MGT602 - Entrepreneurship - Lecture Handout 09

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THE INDIVIDUAL ENTREPRENEUR (continued…)

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

  1. To identify some key entrepreneurial feelings and motivations.
  2. To identify key elements in an entrepreneur’s background.
  3. To discuss the importance of role models and support systems.
  4. To identify the similarities and differences between male and female entrepreneurs.
  5. To explain the differences between inventors and entrepreneurs.

ENTREPRENEURIAL BACKGROUND AND CHARACTERISTICS

Education

Education appears important in the upbringing of the entrepreneur, in the level of education obtained and in playing a major role in coping with problems. Although formal education is not necessary for starting a new business, it does provide a good background. In education, female entrepreneurs previously experienced some disadvantage, with few having degrees in engineering, science, or math. The ability to deal with people and communicate clearly in written and spoken work is also important.

Personal Values

Studies have failed to indicate that entrepreneurs can be differentiated on personal valued from managers, unsuccessful entrepreneurs, or the general public. Leadership, support, aggression, benevolence, conformity, creativity, veracity, and resource seeking may also be important. A successful entrepreneur is frequently characterized as a winner; winning may be a prerequisite for his or her actually becoming one.

Age

Entrepreneurial age is the age of the entrepreneur reflected in the experience. Entrepreneurial experience is one of the best predictors of success. In chronological age, most entrepreneurs start their careers between ages 22 and 55. Earlier starts in an entrepreneurial career seem to be better than later ones. Generally, male entrepreneurs start their first venture in their early 30s, while women tend to do so in their middle 30s.

Work History

Dissatisfaction with one’s job often motivates the launching of a new venture. Previous technical and industry experience is also important once the decision to start a business is made. Experience in the following areas is particularly important: financing; product or service development; manufacturing; development of distribution channels; and preparation of a marketing plan. As the venture becomes established, managerial experience and skills become more important. Entrepreneurial experience becomes increasingly important as the complexity of the venture increases.

MOTIVATION While motivations may vary, the reason cited most often for becoming an entrepreneur independence-not wants to work for anyone else. Other motivating factors differ between male and female entrepreneurs. Money is the second reason for men’s starting a venture. Job satisfaction, achievement, opportunity, and money are the second order reasons for women.

KEY TERMS

Motivations

That causes people to do something

Need for achievement

An individual’s need to be recognized

Need for independence.

Being one’s own boss-one of the strongest needs of an entrepreneur

Professional-support network

Individuals who help the entrepreneur in business activities

Role models

Individuals influencing an entrepreneur’s career choice and style

Social status

The level at which an individual in viewed by society

Work history

The past work experiences of an individual

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