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MGT604 - Management of Financial Institutions - Lecture Handout 14

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INCREASING FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT

Pakistan must increase Foreign Direct Investment, if it intends to enhance the growth of its economy. The experience of the developing countries is that FDI is directly related to economic growth. Two recent examples from the developing world are China and India.

The following factors have proven to be critical for attracting foreign investment:

  1. World-class physical infrastructure
  2. A secure law and order situation
  3. Skilled and productive labor
  4. Innovative capacities
  5. Agglomeration of efficient suppliers, competitors
  6. A well-developed institutional infrastructure

Foreign Interest in Local Financial Markets

With the rapid growth in Pakistan's economy, foreign investors are taking a keen interest in the corporate sector of Pakistan. In the recent years, majority stakes in many corporations have been acquired by multinational groups.

Enhancing and Sustaining a Growing GDP

There have been two problems with the GDP growth rate in Pakistan. First, Pakistan has not been able to sustain growth over the long term. Sometimes Pakistan grows at a rate of around 7 percent and sometimes it retreats to a 3 percent growth rate.
Second, the growth rate of the economy in Pakistan has not been linked to improvement in human development factors. Basic indicators like education, health, poverty, safe drinking water, etc., have been neglected in Pakistan. The "trickle down theories" and market forces of the 1970s and 1980s have failed to provide relief for the general public. A need exists to link the growth rate of the economy to improvement in human development. The basic argument is that a higher growth rate is of limited utility if it does not benefit the population as a whole, including the poor.

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MGT613 - Production / Operations Management - Lecture Handout 29

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AGGREGATE PLANNING

Learning Objectives

  • Explain the working and usefulness of Aggregate Planning.
  • Identify the variable decision makers to work with in aggregate planning and some of the possible strategies they can use.
  • Describe some of the graphical and quantitative techniques planners use.
  • Prepare aggregate plans and compare their costs.

Planning Horizon

Aggregate planning: Intermediate-range capacity planning, usually covering 2 to 12 months.

Planning Horizon

As Operations Manager we should be able to understand and identify the various Planning Levels which are Short Range Plans, Intermediate Plans and Long Range Plans.

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