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MGT613 - Production / Operations Management - Lecture Handout 20

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Related Content: MGT613 - VU Lectures, Handouts, PPT Slides, Assignments, Quizzes, Papers & Books of Production & Operations Management

FACILITIES LAYOUTS-I

In our last lecture, we identified Facilities layout as the configuration of departments, sections, work centers, equipment with focus being on movement of goods or services or works. So whether it’s a traveler making use of the railway platform, or bus station or airport, or an automobile or a product during its production stage or a patient needing medical attention, they all would qualify as good examples of work being moved through a facility. Often poor design of productive system can result in poor design of the facilities layout. We discussed product, process and hybrid layouts, we now focus our attention on cellular production. In cellular manufacturing, production work stations and equipment are
arranged in a sequence that supports a smooth flow of materials and components through the production process with minimal transport or delay. Implementation of this lean method often represents the first major shift in production activity, and it is the key enabler of increased production velocity and flexibility, as well as the reduction of capital requirements. The concept of lean production and Just in Time Production Systems would be studied in detail when we will discuss improvement of Productive Systems.

Cellular Layouts

Cellular production techniques reflect a relatively new concept in manufacturing and have yet found immediate acceptance in Pakistani manufacturing industry as well. Organizations which opt for cellular manufacturing follow the lean production strategy. There are two important concepts to understand at the moment, what cellular production is and what group technology is? We will discuss lean production systems in detail towards the end of our semester later, for the time being we can consider lean production systems as systems which focus on high quality process with elimination of waste and effective use of available resources.

Read more: MGT613 - Production / Operations Management - Lecture Handout 20

MGT613 - Production / Operations Management - Lecture Handout 18

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Related Content: MGT613 - VU Lectures, Handouts, PPT Slides, Assignments, Quizzes, Papers & Books of Production & Operations Management

PROCESS SELECTION

Process Selection plays an important part in over all design of production and operations management systems. Process Selection allows an organization to offer a safe and reliable product and service through pragmatic design and effective capacity planning. With the help of process selection we can understand the different types of processing including manual, rigid, and flexible as well as various automated approaches to processing. Process selection allows an operations
manager to better understand the need for management of technology. Together with capacity planning it helps an organization to develop different approaches to meet the irregular demand pattern of the customers.

Introduction and Meaning

Process Selection refers to the way an organization chooses to produce its good or services. It takes into account selection of technology, capacity planning, layout of facilities, and design of work systems. Process selection is a natural extension after selection of new products and services.

An organizations process strategy would include

  1. Make or Buy Decisions. The extent to which an organization will produce goods or provide in house as opposed to relying on an outside organization to produce or provide them.
  2. Capital Intensity. The mix of equipment and labor will be used by the government.
  3. Process Flexibility: The degree to which the system can be adjusted to changes in processing requirements due to such factors as changes in product or service design, changes in volume processed, and changes in technology.

  4. Read more: MGT613 - Production / Operations Management - Lecture Handout 18