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MGT411 - Money & Banking - Lecture Handout 12

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EVALUATING RISK

  • Sources of Risk
  • Idiosyncratic
  • Systematic
  • Reducing Risk through Diversification
  • Hedging Risk
  • Spreading Risk
  • Bond and Bond Pricing

How to Evaluate Risk

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MGT503-Princilpes of Management-Lecture Handout No 44

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CONTROLLING AS A MANAGEMENT FUNCTION

Introduction and Overview of Controlling

Regardless of the thoroughness of the planning done, a program or decision still may be poorly or improperly implemented without a satisfactory control system in place.

Controlling is that process of regulating organizational activities so that actual performance conforms to expected organizational goals and standards. While interrelated with all of the other management functions, a special relationship exists between the planning function of management and controlling. Planning, essentially, is the deciding of goals and objectives and the means of reaching them. Controlling lets manager tell if the organization is on track for goal achievement, and if not, why not. A well-developed plan should provide benchmarks that can be used in the control process.

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